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Province of Badghis


Badghis    بادغيس

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Capital Qala-e-Naw
Population 301,000
Area 20,059 Km
Time Zone UTC + 4:30
Main Languages Dari (Persian)

Badghis (Persian: بادغیس) is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan. It is located on the northwest of Afghanistan, between the Murghab and Hari Rud rivers, extending as far northward as the edge of the desert of Sarakhs. The province was carved out of portions of Herat and Meymaneh provinces in 1964 and has a total area of 20,591 km. Its name is from Persian بادخیز Bdkhiz meaning "where the winds arise" or "home of the winds".


The province has a mixed population of Aimek, Uzbeks, Turkmen, Tajiks and Pashtuns and is counted as one of the most underdeveloped of the country's 34 provinces. Qala i Naw, a small town half-way between Shiberghan and Herat serves as the provincial center. Badghis is home to what some say the first Persian poet, Hanzala Badghisi.


Economy and Culture

Agriculture is the main source of people's income and the existence of Murghab and Hari Rud rivers makes the available land suitable for cultivation. The province faced severe drought during the late 1990s and early 2000s, causing tens of thousands of residents to flee to refugee camps outside Herat. The situation has since improved. Badghis is also one of the carpet-making capitals of the country.


Recent History

The province was one of the last captured by the Taliban in their military offensive previous to the American invasion in 2001. Even after their official takeover of the province, the largely Uzbek and Turkmen population of the province never welcomed the Pashtun Taliban. The province was quickly retaken by Northern Alliance forces as the United States initiated hostilities, which was followed by a brutal cleansing of the Pashtun minority in the province.

Various influential warlords have traded control of the province in recent years, including Abdul Malik, Rashid Dostum, Juma Khan and Ismail Khan. During the fight against the Taliban, the Northern Alliance commanders received military aid from Shia Iran, fearful of the Sunni Taliban. In one notable incident, Malik temporarily switched his allegiances from Dotsum, allowing the Taliban to gain control of the province.

Currently, like most of northern Afghanistan, armed commanders still exert considerable influence over the province, often running private jails, seizing land, and controlling the opium poppy harvest. The province has been relatively peaceful since the full of the Taliban, notwithstanding sporadic conflicts between rival warlords.



The Districts of Badghis

District Area Population
Ab Kamari n/a 32,600
Ghormach n/a 34,455
Jawand n/a 46,403
Muqur n/a 15,900
Murghab n/a 63,798
Qadis n/a 55,727
Qala i Naw n/a 88,032


Provinces of Afghanistan

Badakhshan Badghis Baghlan Balkh Bamyan Daykundi Farah Faryab Ghazni Ghor Helmand Herat Jowzjan Kabul Kandahar Kapisa Khost Konar Kunduz Laghman Lowgar Nangarhar Nimruz Nurestan Oruzgan Paktia Paktika Panjshir Parwan Samangan Sar-e-Pol Takhar Wardak Zabul


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